Health Guide

Cancer Causes, Types, Treatment, Symptoms & Signs


When talking about cancer, you should remember that it is not an ailment. Cancer is a disease caused by abnormal growth of cells in some part of the body.  Cancer cells will grow rapidly and uncontrollable. In a normal condition, cells will divide only if there is cells replacement caused by  died and broken cells. On contrary, cancer cells will continue to divide even when the body does not need that. So, accumulation f cells will occur which is called as malignant tumors (cancer).

Tumors will damage normal tissue so it will disturb organs they occupy. As stated above, cancer can occur in various tissues of various organs in human body, from feet to head. When cancer occurs on the surface parts of the body, it will easy to detect and treat it. However, once it happens inside human body, it will not. Moreover, sometimes cancer comes without any symptoms. So, people will aware that they are suffered from cancer when they reach advanced stage of cancer.

Though cancer can happen in various parts of human body, there are some parts that mostly suffered from cancer. As listed below:

Lungs Cancer

It is a common type of cancer around the world. Mostly, people with lungs cancer are those above 40 years old. Smoking is the main cause of this cancer. People with lungs cancer will find them self suffered from eternal cough (even sometimes they will bleed while coughing), pain while breathing, lost of appetite, and lost some weights.

Breast Cancer

It is the most common cancer that faced by women.  Mostly, women with breast cancer are those above 30 years old. It can be cured if women are able in detecting the cancer as soon as possible. A woman might suffered from breast cancer if she finds bump around her breasts, changing of her breasts shape, and her breasts secrete fluit or blood.


It is a white corpuscle cancer. Both children and adult can suffered from this cancer, however, mostly, it occurs in children. People with an abnormal immune system, might suffered from this white corpuscle cancer. People with leukemia might suffered from a very bad headache such as happen to people with anemia. Also they will easily to feel tired. Chemotherapy is the treatment of leukemia.

Skin Cancer

Nowadays, people with skin cancer are increase. No one knows exactly about the main cause of skin cancer, but people suspect that the ultraviolet radiation is that cause. Having too much direct contact with ultraviolet radiation might damage your skin. Fair complexion people are those who able in getting skin cancer.

Prostate Cancer

Mostly, men between 20 until 34 years old mostly are suffered from prostate cancer. You might suffered prostate cancer if you find any changing of your testis’ shape and bump around your testis.

Types Of Cancer

1. Brain Cancer

The brain is an important point of all living, connection and thought, the center of management information, action, emotion as well. The brain is the most important part in our body, the brain was still the most understood  part than other parts of our body, still have many secret that still exists and remains not resolved yet until  today, for example about the memories, the reason why do we need sleep, why we have dreams? And what is the consciousness?

In general, human brain is divided into three parts, namely a large brain (cerebrum), cerebellum and brain stem. Each section is subdivided into smaller part, in which the each small part is still divided again, and again. Fill the space between the brain liquid, while three layers of the lining of the brain (meninges) and bone of the skull are protecting the exterior.

Each part of the brain has possibility affected by cancer. Although a docile cancer, but because of the growth in the brain, it can be really dangerous. The cancer can interfere with the function and structure of the central nervous system damage, because it lies within a finite cavity of the skull. Through with the development of these cancers, it will be more depressing the tissue of brain. Though the volume cavity of cranial is very limited and may not be getting bigger. This is what makes the dizziness or headaches as an early indication of brain cancer.

Brain cancer can be caused by diverse things. The cause of brain cancer could be one or more than one and can generally be divided become two categories of factors:

Factor from the inside

Is a factor that comes from within ourselves. The main one is genetics or descendant. If there are relatives who have a history of brain cancer, it means that we have larger chances of getting brain cancer than those people whose families that do not have brain cancer. The other factor that can induce to brain cancer is a history of conflict if ever stumble your head. These crash can cause the tissue of brain has trauma to, so it could be the cause of the growth of abnormal tissue in the brain which can later develop into cancer of the brain.

External factors

It is a factor that comes from outside the body, usually in the form of foods and radiation. Certain drugs also are taken continuously potentially cause brain cancer. The other factors:

  1. Unhealthy lifestyle: smoking, junk foods, less fiber, etc.
  2. Karsiogenik materials: cooking oil over used, ingested chemicals
  3. Radiation: Radiation exposure in certain waves can trigger cancer cell growth

Indications of brain cancer that appear are depending on the part of the brain where the cancer come up. But the symptoms are the most common of brain cancer is a mild mental changes (psychomotor asthenia), such as forgetfulness, emotional instability, slowing of mental, irritability, and, loss of initiative, social activities and spontaneity, may be found depression and anxiety. Then the headache, feels heavy and throbbing, generally getting worse when night and when waking up in the morning. Vomiting are also indication of brain cancer, it is present in 30% of cases of brain cancer that typically accompanies a headache.

2. Stomach Cancer

If we hear about cancer we would immediately think of a dangerous disease that claimed the lives of many people. Cancer is a deadly disease is one that still continues to be experienced by many people. Cancer can arise in many human organs such as lung, breast, and even the brain, not least in the abdomen. Each of the cells lining the walls of the stomach may have a tendency to cancer. Stomach cancer occurs when cells in the human stomach is not growing and developing normally. Growing cells that are not accompanied by excessive death of old cells in a timely manner, giving rise to tumors and cancer. Tumors can be removed but the cancer tumors if not treated immediately can spread to all parts of the body. Stomach cancer is commonly found in people aged 50 and over.

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There are three types of stomach cancer that can attack humans. This species is determined by the tumor cells that formed it. The first is better known adenocarcinoma with gastric cancer. Gastric cancer arising from gland cells which function initially was to protect from acid indigestion. The initial symptoms of this disease are abdominal pain and heartburn, upper abdominal discomfort and occur repeatedly, decreased appetite, black and bloody stools, fatigue and anemia. Then will experience anorexia, loss of blood in the digestive tract. Treatment of gastric cancer can be done through surgery if the cancer has just reached the early to middle stages. Chemotherapy serves to optimize the results of surgery and radiotherapy serves to increase the yield expectations and reduce pain.

The second type of cancer is a cancer of the lymph nodes or lymphoma. Lymphoma is a cancer caused by mutations in lymphocytes (a type of white blood cells) that were previously normal. There are two types of lymphoma that is, the first of indolent lymphoma (low grade) whose development is likely to be slow, so just have to continue to be monitored while remaining vigilant. If you then begin to cause symptoms, it is necessary to radiotherapy or chemotherapy, although this does not cure the lymphoma, they can reduce symptoms, especially lymphadenopathy (swelling of the spleen is usually painful). the second is Hodgkin lymphoma is usually treated with radiotherapy alone, as long as it has not spread. Diagnosis and treatment are carried out as early as possible can increase life expectancy.

The third type of stomach cancer is a carcinoid tumor. Carcinoid tumor is a type of cancer whose development is slow and may occur in several places throughout the body including the abdomen. Carcinoid tumors usually invade the digestive tract such as stomach, in the appendix, small intestine and colon, rectum and even the lungs. Carcinoid tumors can produce and release hormones into your body. In many cases, carcinoid tumors do not cause any signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms of carcinoid tumor in the abdomen include abdominal pain bowel obstruction, diarrhea, rectal bleeding.

Treatment can be done by surgery, if the tumor can be detected early, the chances of success will be very big operation. If the carcinoid tumor was severe, treatment is difficult to do, operation that will be awarded depending on how severe the attack cancer. Subsequent treatment is radiation and chemotherapy radiation and chemotherapy are generally not very effective in treating carcinoid tumors, but this action is not useless, this action can alleviate the symptoms.

3. Liver Cancer

Liver is one of the vital organs in the body that has an important role for the viability of human kind.  The most important job of the liver is to distribute nutrients and vitamins throughout the body. Liver also useful for produce the proteins that could clean the blood from toxins. But, liver will be not working well if attacked by the disease. One of the most dangerous diseases that could attack the liver is liver cancer.

Liver cancer is the cancer that originates in cells of the liver (primary liver cancer). Cancer cells was first formed in the liver and subsequently spread and damage other organs. This type of cancer is the most cancer that often affects people. However, there also occurs in the liver cancer that starts from the other areas, such as lung, breast, or colon. And then that cancer can spread to the liver. Doctors usually call this the metastatic of cancer or secondary liver cancer. Metastatic cancer is a cancer that attacks the liver is derived from cancer cells that are formed from other organs. That cancer attacks the liver because the liver is the principle of filtering the blood of toxins and viruses.

Liver cancer is often called the “silent disease.” Patients often do not experience indications until the cancer in its later stages, so rarely discovered early. As the cancer grows, some patients may experience indication such as pain in the right upper abdomen through the back and shoulders, bloating, weight gain, vomiting, fatigue, loss of appetite, jaundice nausea, and fever. Other heart diseases and health problems can also cause these indications, but people experiencing these indications should see a physician. For example, chronic infection with certain hepatitis viruses can cause liver cancer. Liver cancer occurs when liver cells mutate DNA. This mutation can makes the cells continued growing and evolving, while others have normal cell circulation of death and life. The accumulation of oral cancer cells can formed become malignant tumor.

The type of liver cancer
Primary liver cancer is derived from the liver cells are divided into several kind, there are:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver cancer is most common occurs in either children or adults. This cancer starts from hepatocytes which is the main type of liver cells.

Cholangiocarcinoma. These cancers originate from the gallbladder channels.
hepatoblastoma. This is a rare type of cancer that affects children aged 4 and younger. Many types of cancer are successfully treated.

Angiosarcoma and Hemangiosarcoma. This rare type of cancer begins in the blood vessels in the liver and grows very quickly.

We can prevent the liver cancer with these actions:

Vaccination against hepatitis B virus

Preventing hepatitis C by:

Know your partner’s health condition before sexual intercourse

Use sterile needles when injecting drugs

Use a sterile needle when a tattoo

Ask your doctor to check your heart condition

4. Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the growth of cells in the skin at the abnormal level. The causes of skin cancer are different and the level of malignancy was different. Skin cancer is most generally in squamous layer of cell, melanocytes, and basal. Skin cancer usually can grow in the epidermis, so that we can see the tumor from the outside, so that the skin cancer is the easiest type of cancer that can early stage symptoms to be found. Skin cancer is also the least risk of cancer death in human being. It is because the skin is seldom able to reach vital organs like the lungs, kidneys, heart, and brain stem in humans. Skin cancer is characterized by the cells of skin that growth uncontrollable and massive. And it can cause breaking the surrounding tissue. Not only that, these cells can also quickly outspread another parts of our body.

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Because of its location on the skin, skin cancer is more easily recognizable and easier to handle. However, patients with skin cancer should still be careful because it could metastasis to other organs.

There are three the most common types of skin cancer:

  • Basal Cell Carcinoma Basal Cell Carcinoma is a kind of skin cancer that most often occurs, under the basal cell layer of the shell of outer.
  • MelanomaInclude the type of melanoma skin cancer are something rarely, but this is the most dangerous skin cancer. Melanoma appears at the bottom of the epidermis.
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma Skin cancer is also the most common is the Squamous Cell Carcinoma. The skin cancer that commonly found in cell squamus. Squamous Cell Carcinoma is similar to the Basal Cell Carcinoma because it often appears in areas directly exposed to UV light such as the skin of the scalp, face, legs, arms, hands, and neck.

We can decrease the risk of sunlight received by the skin and avoid the possibility of a single case among the millions of new skin cancer cases each year. There are the tips;

  • Avoid the sun for too long.

Have an exotic body does not need to get the sun too long. With walking in the park during the morning, or driving a car with the windows open is also a need for effective measures to contribute vitamin E for your skin.

  • Wisely select clothing.

If you cannot escape the outdoor activities during the day, wisely select clothes. It’s good to cover the body with the clothes a little closed but with a material that easily absorbs sweat.

  • Wear sunscreen.

Apply sunscreen evenly 15 minutes before you leave the house. Make sure the type and the SPF of the sunscreen you use is recommended by a specialist. Repeat the use if necessary.

  • Drinking enough water.

Fill the capacity of water to mitigate the effects of dehydration. Consumption of foods that contain lots of water can also be another way.

5. Lung Cancer

If you are an active smoker, then you should be aware of lung cancer. One of cancer disease often strikes those of you who have been addicted to smoking. Lung cancer is due to the growth of cancer cells that are not controlled in your lungs. You have to worry about yourself if you have a prolonged coughing and getting worse, or you cough up phlegm and blood until the color changes more and more. If you are not breathing properly, you feel tight and short of breath. If you easily get tired, you lose your appetite, you change your voice hoarse and even swelling of the face and neck. If any symptoms appear, you must guard against lung cancer.

Smoking is now become a lifestyle for most people. And this is also the main cause you can develop lung cancer. More than 89% of male lung cancer and approximately 69% occur in women. The more often you smoke the greater your risk for lung cancer. Only a few cases of lung cancer caused by things other than smoking, so be careful if you are a smoker.

Lung cancer is cancer that can cause death. This cancer can affect men and women. This is the origin of the disease from the lung tissue, from cells in the airways. Lung cancer has two types of lung cancer small cell and non small cell. Most cases are often encountered is the kind of non-small cell cancer.
In addition to the bad habit of smoking with lung cancer may also be caused by air pollution, radioactive gas pollution and people with a family history of this disease are also at risk for lung cancer.

There are several treatments that can be done to treat this type of cancer, adjusted for the severity of cancer. Actions that can be done are by surgery. Surgery was performed with the aim of promoting tumor tissue along with lymph nodes comfortable around him. Other actions that can be done are by radiotherapy or by using a light therapy that has the energy to kill cancer cells in the body. Other actions with chemotherapy, chemotherapy was already known by the general public as a way to treat cancer.

Susceptibility to cancer can be minimized with a healthy lifestyle and concern for their own health and the environment. But if the cancer is already present in the body, you should be mentally prepared so that you can skip it all very well and this will help in your healing process. If you thought the load increases, the disease will be more toxic to your body freely. Sure in yourself and do the best you can do to recover. And always perform regular health checks for such a dangerous disease of cancer can be detected earlier and still implement a healthy lifestyle for your future and the people around you.

Symptoms Of Cancer

Thing you should aware about cancer is its signs. If you find yourself having some signs of cancer, then you should plan steps to manage, such as consult to the doctor. Here are some signs of cancer. Know your body better and aware whether you have some of these listed below signs:

  • Change of Breasts’ Shape

For women, breasts are important organs. Therefore, it is important for women to check the condition of their breasts regularly. Bump and transformation of color around your breasts (they turns into red), might be signs of breast cancer.
Since breasts cancer might also occur in men, you should be warry if you find your breasts produce fluid or blood.

  • Change of Testis

Prostate cancer might comes to men around 20 until 39 years old. That’s why, if you find any changes of your testis, both if it is swell and wane, you should be warry if you are suffered from prostate cancer.

  • Change of Lymph Nodes

If you find any bumps around your neck or your armpit, you should be warry. Especially if the bump are getting swell by the day. That might be cancer sign.

  • Fever

Fever is one of cancer signs. Fever is one of symptoms that occur at early stages of cancer, especially if you are suffered from leukemia. Sometimes, it also possible to find yourself in a fever when your cancer are getting worse.

  • Drastic Weight Loss

If you lose your weights drastically (for about 10 percent from your weight) without doing any effort of losing some weights, you should be warry. Drastic weight loss might be a result of having cancer of digestion organs.

  • Easily to feel tired

Just like fever, if you have fatique (even after taking rest), you should be warry that you have one of cancer signs. Fatique usually comes when you are on developing stage of cancer. Though it might happen at the early stage of leukemia.

  • Long-Period Cough

Cough might be signs of influenza or allergy. But, if you have cough for a long period, about three weeks until a month, that might be a cancer sign, especially lungs cancer.

  • Change on your skin

Any great changes on your skin (such as bleeding and exfoliation) might be signs of cancer.

  • Some trouble with your digestion

Regular problems with your digestion might be signs of having digestion cancer. Besides, for women, i f you find your tummy turn bulge and you are easily to feel full, you might be suffered from ovarium cancer.

  • Bleeding in some parts of your body

If you find bleeding in some parts of your body which is should not be bleeding( without any external causes), you might suffered from cancer.

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How To Prevent Skin Cancer

Are you aware of free radicals such as cigarette smoke, car fumes and harmful to the skin industry? Yes, you should be aware since a prolonged exposure will cause serious skin damage. Especially in tropical climates such as in Indonesia overcast sunlight ultraviolet a cause of skin cancer.

Skin cancer is common in Europeans who love sunbathing but do not wear sun block. To prevent skin diseases such as skin cancer, everyone was asked to consume vegetables that contain vitamin E. Every one kilogram of sprouts contains 25 international units of vitamin E.

Skin cancer is the growth of cells in the skin at the level of the abnormal. The causes of skin cancer are different as well as its level of malignancy. Skin cancer is the most commonly occurs in the lining of squamous cell carcinoma, basal and melanocytes. Skin cancer usually grows in the outer layer or epidermis, so that the tumor can be seen from the outside.

Skin cancer is a type of cancer most easily found symptoms in its early stages. Skin cancer is the least risk of death in patients. Since the skin is rarely able to reach vital organs such as the heart, lungs, kidneys and brain stem in humans.

Everybody need vitamin E. However, sometimes the wrong process food can make so that the content of vitamin E in vegetable damaged. Better, the sprouts are consumed directly without being processed or cooked. “It could also take a vitamin E capsule of extract wheat or sunflower seeds.

However, as long as it does not consider, the skin as a vital organ such as the heart, kidneys, and pancreas is not just a function of beauty but is also important for health. Skin serves to maintain body temperature and keep out of danger bacteria. The most important way to prevent skin cancer is to protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun.

There are 9 Ways to How to Prevent Skin Cancer:

1. Reducing Exposure to Sun

Especially 11:00 to 04:00, when the sun’s UV rays are the strongest or when the UV index is 3 or more.

2. Your skin shade

  • Seek shade under a tree, or make your own color with a hat, shirt, or an umbrella.
  • Wear clothing to cover arms and legs. Make sure the fabric has a tight weave. A wet cloth or has a loose weave will allow more light to penetrate through the skin.
  • Wearing a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses with UV protection.

3. Beware of the clouds

  • Up to 80% of the sun’s rays can penetrate thin cloud, fog and mist. You can still get a sunburn on a cloudy day.

4. Remember about Reflection

  • Water, sand, snow and concrete can reflect up to 80% of the sun’s damaging rays.

5. Slop on the sunscreen

  • Use sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher that contains both UVA and UVB protection.
  • Do not forget to apply sunscreen to your skin before going outside. It will be better if you apply it 15 to 30 minutes before you have your under-the-sun activity. It is highly suggested to reapply them every two hours.

6. Avoid tanning salons and sunlamps

  • These lamps emit mostly UVA radiation up to 2-5 times as much natural sunlight. UVA radiation causes sunburn, premature aging of the skin and skin cancer.
  • UVB radiations from the lamps of tanning are the main cause of sunburn and skin cancer and also contribute to premature aging of the skin.
  • For more information see the youth tanning (a link to which are modified by the school team)

7. Protect Children

  • The most harmful effects of sun exposure occur in early childhood. Keep babies under one year of direct sunlight. Once babies turn 6 months of age, start using sunscreen for added protection. It’s important to protect your child’s eyes by using plastic lens sunglasses that protect against UVA and UVB.
  • Children must have arms and legs covered when out in the sun.
  • Instead of wearing a baseball cap, they should wear a hat with a wide brim, which provides more sun protection.
  • When children play in the water, be sure to use a waterproof sunscreen.
  • For more information to protect your child from the sun click here.

8. Protect Your Eyes

  • Radiation from the sun can damage the cells in your eye structure. UV radiation from the sun can increase the risk of developing cataracts later in life. UV radiation can also bring skin cancer to your eyelids or to the surface of your eyes. To prevent the damage of radiation to your eyes, you can take sunglasses. Wearing a hat with a wide brim all the way around when out in the sun. Legionnaire-style hats (caps with back flap) are also recommended to help protect the neck, ears and face.

9. Spot Check Your Moles

  • Check your moles and spots every month to check for any changes. See your healthcare provider right away if you notice:
  • Mole or discoloration appears suddenly or begin to change
  • Wounds that do not heal
  • Red areas of skin and wavy, bleed or itch
Rao Shab
Hey there! I am Vikas Yadav and welcome to my blog Guide India, where you will see the different aspects of our lives through my thoughts on various subjects. Feel free to explore as much as you like.

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