It can seem like a long time between an embryo-transfer and when you can take your pregnancy test.
You can feel anxious and stressed about everything from checking your panties for implantation bleeding, to poking your breasts to check their tenderness, to wondering if there is a possible pregnancy test.
Although some symptoms can be indicative of a successful procedure they could also be due to fertility drugs or other medications that you are taking to become pregnant.
Dr. Tanmoy Mukherjee is a reproductive endocrinologist at RMA of New York.
This is because estrogen and progesterone, which are commonly taken prior to embryo transfer, and the progesterone after the transfer mimic the symptoms of bloating, sore breasts and discharge during pregnancy.
Many people are still vigilant about any signs that indicate successful embryo transfer. While you might not experience all of these symptoms at once, it is important to understand their role in the embryo transfer process.
Bleeding and spotting Light bleeding or spotting are often the first signs of pregnancy.
implantation is when the embryo has been implanted in the lining of the uterine wall. This could be indicated by the presence of stains on your underwear or toilet paper.
Mukherjee believes that some bleeding or spotting a week after embryo transfers may be a sign. He says that bleeding is a worrying sign and does not provide any reassurance to many people.
Additionally, spotting can also be a common occurrence if you are taking hormone medication such as progesterone in the 2 week period following embryo transfer.
Your doctor will likely recommend that you continue to take progesterone. This is because your body produces the same amount of hormones during pregnancy as it did in the beginning weeks. Spotting can be a sign of successful embryo transfer.
Cramping can be a sign that Aunt Flow is near. This could also indicate that the embryo transfer was successful.
However, you should consult your doctor before you go for a pregnancy test. According to the National Infertility Association, mild cramping could also be caused by the progesterone that you take during the 2-week wait.
Mild cramping may also be experienced by some after a pelvic procedure.
Sore breasts are a sign of pregnancy.
A positive embryo transfer could indicate swollen breasts or tenderness to the touch.
Kecia Gither, MDPH, FACOG, is an OB-GYN who directs perinatal services at NYC Health + Hospitals. She believes breast tenderness can be caused by pregnancy hormones.
However, sore breasts may also be caused by the hormone medication that you took during the 2-week waiting period. Breast tenderness can also be caused by oral and injectable progesterone.
Tiredness and fatigue
From day one to delivery, feeling tired and exhausted is a common part of pregnancy. You may feel more sleepy early in pregnancy if your progesterone levels rise.
Most people feel tired around the time their period is due. This could be an indication of a successful embryo transfer. However, it could also be a side effect from the fertility drugs you are taking.
Fatigue is most commonly caused by elevated progesterone levels. This can be either due to pregnancy or medication prescribed by your doctor.
Nausea and morning nausea usually start in the second trimester of pregnancy. It is not something you will notice until the two weeks following embryo transfer.
Many people who experience this fearful symptom feel sick about two weeks after they have missed a period.
If you experience nausea or vomiting within the 2-week period, be sure to take note and speak with your doctor.
The extra bloat can be attributed to a higher level of progesterone. This hormone can cause a rapid increase in your digestive system, which can lead to bloating.
If you are pregnant or taking progesterone or other drugs during in vitro fertilation, and after embryo transfer, this can occur before your period.
Changes in discharge
Your doctor may prescribe progesterone in vaginal preparations (suppositories or gels) for you to use during the 2-week waiting period. You might notice changes in your vaginal discharge. These changes have nothing to do a positive pregnancy test.
Vaginal capsules and suppositories can cause side effects such as burning, itching, drainage, and yeast infections.
A rise in vaginal discharge could also indicate pregnancy. You may notice a light, thin, and mild-smelling discharge if the embryo transfer was successful.
Increased peeing needs
Early pregnancy could indicate frequent late-night trips to the toilet and a greater need for more pit stops.
Some people notice an increased need to urinate before their period. This is a common symptom that you will notice after your period has ended.
Frequent trips to the toilet are caused by an increase in the pregnancy hormone, hCG, and a rise in progesterone. The increased peeing frequency after embryo transfer is successful is due to the increase in blood.
An increased frequency of urination could also be a sign of a infection. Talk to your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
- Urination pains
- Urgency to pee
- nausea and vomiting
If your period is regular, a missed could indicate pregnancy. If you can count your period at the same time every month, it might be time to have a test for pregnancy.
There are no symptoms
Don’t be discouraged if you find that none of the above apply to your situation. The embryo transfer was successful even if you don’t experience any of these symptoms.
Mukherjee says that the absence or presence of any of these symptoms does not indicate whether a pregnancy will be successful. He says that most of the listed symptoms are caused by estrogen and progesterone administration.
He adds that 10 to 15% of patients don’t have any symptoms, but still have a positive pregnancy check.
A positive pregnancy test is the only way to be certain if your embryo transfer was successful.
When is it time to have a pregnancy test
We understand that you want to see those lines or the plus sign. You risk disappointment if you test too soon following an embryo transfer.
It is best to wait until your period has passed before you take the test. This will ensure the best results.
It’s not easy to be patient, let’s face it. If you are eager to test your new device, please wait at least 10 business days after it is transferred.
Mukherjee claims that the embryo will attach in 48 to 72 hours. After embryo transfer, the embryo will grow in size and metabolic activity. This will allow it to produce more hCG so that it can be detected reliably 9-10 days later. Your clinic will most likely schedule an hCG blood testing around this time.
The two-week wait following embryo transfer can be stressful, emotional, and exhausting.
A positive test is the best way to find out if you are pregnant.